acting out - giving expression to forbidden desires without concern for
compensation - hiding a weakness in one area by excelling or being
rewarded in another.
denial - refusing to acknowledge the thought or feeling
displacement - channelling thoughts or feelings to a neutral or weaker
person or object..
emotional insulation - withdrawing into inaction so one doesn't get hurt.
externalisation - pinpointing outside forces as the cause of our behaviour
so we don't have to accept personal responsibility for our actions.
fantasizing - not paying attention or using daydreams to escape
an uncomfortable situation.
identification - identifying oneself with a prestigious individual
or institution to build one's sense of self-worth.
intellectualisation - coming up with highly intellectual reasons or
convincing arguments to justify the situation and keep attention
away from feelings.
introjection - adopting external values and standards as one's own
to ensure those standards are not used against him/her.
isolation - separating feelings and thoughts that are connected
isolation of affect - 'thinking' feelings rather than actually
know it all
laughing it off
minimizing - writing off problematic events and behaviors as being too
minor to worry about.
passive aggression - indirect and unassertive expression of aggression
projection - perceiving that another has our thoughts or feelings so we
don't have to own them.
rationalization - thinking up reasons to justify what's happening while
ignoring one's feelings.
reaction formation - unconsciously thinking, feeling and acting in ways
that are opposite to how we really think and feel.
regression - slipping back into old, often immature, ways of behaving to
release the feelings.
repression - burying thoughts and feelings in our unconscious so we no
longer have memory of them.
sublimation - channelling socially unacceptable feelings into a socially productive activity.
suppression - some awareness of a thought or feeling, but we try to hide it.
undoing - doing the opposite of how one feels to try to negate the feelings.
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